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Fourth South Carolina Infantry
Regiment and Battalion

One flag survives in private hands and fragments from a second silk flag are in the S.C. Relic Room. Dedmondt also describes a third known flag.
Dedmondt, Glenn, The Flags of Civil War South Carolina, ISBN NUMBER 1-56554-696-2


Citadel Flag by Marilyn

PLEASE NOTE ALL REGIMENTS NUMBERED ONE THROUGH TEN WERE DRAMATICALLY AFFECTED BY THE 1862 REORGANIZATION.

Fourth South Carolina Infantry Regiment

Fourth S.C. Battalion
Mattison's Battalion
For Information after Sharpsburg, See the Hampton Legion Infantry.
Failed to reorganize as a regiment in 1862.
The unit becomes the Fourth South Carolina Infantry Battalion and after Sharpsburg two companies of the Hampton Legion Infantry.

(Andersonís, Jenkins, Walkerís Brattonís Brigade)


(COLONELS AND COMMANDING OFFICERS)

COL. B.E. SLOAN
Lost his position when the regiment failed to reorganize in 1862

LT. COL. C.S. MATTISON
Severly wounded at Seven Pines
Resigned 11/62


LT. COLONELS: C.S. MATTISON

MAJORS: J.H. WHITNER, C.S. MATTISON

Staff:

Henry Cauble (H.A.) Captain - Commissary Officer
A.C. Cooley - Surgeon
Burnham - Assistant Surgeon
Samuel Wilkes - Adjutant
(My thanks to J.L. Payne III for this information on staff. From Reid's Book)

Staff:
Acker, J.M. Cpl.
Acker, Newton
Adams, J.M., Capt. (QM)
Babcock, S.E., Asst. Surg.
Burnham, R., 1st Lt., Asst. Surg.
Andy Burns
Camble, H.A., Capt., Commsy. (Should be Cauble, H.A.)
Cooley, H.C., Capt., Surg.
Howe, Henry
Jones, Hampton R.
Keasler, H.C.
Massingill, J.G.
Oneal, J.T.
Power, W.K.
Robinson, C.
Sergeant, E. Seaborn, B.E. (QM Sgt.)
Wilkes, S.M., Capt. (Adj.)


CoCaptainCountyNickname
B*J.H. WHITNERANDERSONPALMETTO RIFLEMEN
.W.W. HUMPHRIES (Reg.)..
.T.P. BENSON (2nd Lt. Reg.)..
CJ.T. DEAN (Reg.)ANDERSONDEAN COMPANY
.A.T. BROYLES (Reg.)..
.G.W. CULBERTSON..
.WM. WOOD..
DJAMES LONG(1st Lt. Reg.)ANDERSONPIERCETOWN GUARDS
E*F.W. FILPATRICK(Reg.)FAIR PLAYCALHOUN MOUNTAINEERS
FGREEN POOL (Reg.)GREENVILLETYGER VOLUNTEERS
.F.H. FULLER (Reg.)..
GJ.G. HAWTHORNE (Reg.)GREENVILLESALUDIA GUARDS
HR.Y.H. GRIFFIN (Reg.)PICKENSTWELVE MILE VOLUNTEERS
I*W.W. HOLLINGWORTH (Reg.)PICKENSPICKENS GUARDS
J*WM. ANDERSON (Reg.)ANDERSONTHE CONFEDERATE GUARDS
K+J.L. SHANKLIN (Reg.)PENDLETONFORT HILL GUARDS


* Transferred to Jenkins Palmetto Sharpshooters in 1862.
+ Listed as Company I in some sources. Went to Palmetto Sharpshooters in 1862. This unit according to Dean replaced The Butler Guard (Company A) which joined The Third South Carolina

Unit will be combined with Hampton Legion Dismounted following Sharpsburg.


Leaving at the 1862 reorganization to join the Palmetto Sharpshooters are the following.
F.W. KILPATRICKCALHOUN MOUNTAINEERS
J.W. DANIELSCONFEDERATE GUARDS
F.L. GARVINPICKENS GUARDS
W.W. HUMPHRIESPALMETTO RIFLEMAN


For Additional Reading:

BELL, LOUISE: Rebels in Gray, Soldiers from Pickens District 1861-65, (Co. B,E,H,I)
BREAZEALE, BALIE: Company J, Fourth South Carolina Infantry at the First Battle of Manassas, 1912
FIELD, RON: Fourth S.C. Vols., Sloan's
HOYT, JAMES A.:The Palmetto Riflemen, Co.B, Fourth Regiment, C.S. Vols.; Co.C, Palmetto Sharpshooters.
LEWIS, RICHARD: Camp Life of a Confederate of Bratton's Brigade of Longstreet's Corps
REID, JESSE WALTON: History of the 4th Regiment of South Carolina Volunteers.
VANDIVER, L.A., History of Anderson County (Partial Rosters Company B, C, and D)


U.D.C.:Recollections and Reminiscences 1861-65:
Individuals:
Bowen, W.T., Fourth South Carolina, Second S.C. Rifles, Vol. 6, page 272 (good)
Dickson, W.B., Co E, 4th SCV, Vol. 3, page 213
Earle, W.R., Co B, Fourth SCV, Vol. 5, page 507
Earle, William Robinson Earle, Fourth SCV, Vol. 9, page 534, U.D.C.
Grubbs, W.T., 4th SCV, Co C, Second SC Rifles, Vol. 2, page 501
Grubbs, W.T. Grubbs, Fourth S.C.V., Vol. 8, page 288, U.D.C.
Mauldin, A.M., Company C, Fourth SCV, Vol. 5, page 475
McCollum, W.E., Company C, Fourth SCV, Vol. 5, page 471
McGee, Rev. Mike McGee, Fourth South Carolina, First Rifles, Death of Col. J.F. Marshall, Vol. 11, page 52, U.D.C.
Moore, Corporal Joseph Brown Moore, Fourth South Carolina, Company L, PSS. Vol. 11 page 223, U.D.C.
Osborne, Andrew H. Osborne, Palmetto Rifleman (Fourth and PSS), Vol. 8, page 1, U.D.C.
Shanklin, J.L., Capt., Co I, 4th SCV, Vol. 2, page 505 Traylor, G.W. Traylor, Company A, Fourth SCV, Thirteenth Battalion, Hampton Legion, Company I, Vol. 6, page 183, UDC
Rosters and Other:
Roster, Co B, Palmetto Riflemen, Vol. 5, page 535
Roster, Co D, Vol. 5, page 541
Roster, Co I, Ft. Hill Guard, Vol. 2, page 560
Roster, Co J, Vol. 7, page 267
Roster, Co K, Vol. I or II
Secondary Source
BALDWIN, JAMES J., III: The Struck Eagle: A Biography of Micah Jenkins and a History of the Fifth South Carolina Volunteers and the Palmetto Sharpshooters(Rosters).


Fourth Regiment/Fourth Battalion South Carolina Vols. Infantry, Battles and Stations
DateBattle or CityLocationCommanding OfficerBrigadeDivisionCorps
2/61Unit Organized Fourth Regiment Col. B.E. Sloan .. .
4/12-4/14-61Fort Sumter Fourth Regiment Col. B.E. Sloan . . .
7/21/61 First Manassas Fourth Regiment Col. B.E. Sloan Evan's Brigade . .
4/5-62Yorktown Fourth Regiment Col. B.E. Sloan Anderson's Brigade Longstreet's Division Magruder's Corps
5/4/62 Fort Magruder Fourth BattalionMajor C.S. Mattison Anderson's Brigade Longstreet's Division Magruder's Corps
.. .. Col. Micah Jenkins Gen. Richard Anderson
5/31/62 Fair Oaks^ Fourth BattalionMajor C.S. Mattison Andersonís Brigade Longstreet's Division Magruder's Corps
6/27/62Gaines Mill* Fourth BattalionMajor C.S. Mattison Anderson's Brigade Longstreet's Division Magruder's Corps
6/30/62 Frayser's Farm Fourth BattalionMajor C.S. Mattison Anderson's Brigade Longstreet's Division Magruder's Corps
8/29-8/30-62 Second Manassas Chinn House Major C.S. Mattison Jenkin's Brigade Kemper's Division Longstreet's Corps
9/14/62 Boonsboro . Major C.S. Mattison Jenkin's Brigade Kemper's Division Longstreet's Corps
9/17/62 Sharpsburg Burnside Bridge Major C.S. Mattison Jenkin's Brigade Kemper's Division Longstreet's Corps


^ Only the Fifth S.C. and Pametto Sharpshooters are with Jenkin's at Fair Oaks.

* Only the Sixth and Palmetto Sharpshooters are with Jenkins at Gaines Mill.

During the 1862 reorganization this unit became a battalion. The Fourth suffered heavy casualties in subsequent battles and the two companies left after Sharpsburg were consolidated with the dismounted section of the Hampton Legion under Matthew Gary. This new unit continued to be known as the Hampton Legion.


See Fourth and Thirteenth Battalion for more InformationJenkins' BrigadeArmy of Northern Virginia..
Also See Hampton Legion Jenkins' BrigadeArmy of Northern Virginia. .
Hampton Legion Army of Northern Virginia William Hayne Perry, Hampton Legion, son of B.F. Perry - mention of Butler Guard and Fourth S.C. early in war.University of South Carolina.
Second S.C. Rifles, Company G and HJenkins' BrigadeArmy of Northern VirginiaBeautiful letter speaking of the death of several members of the company in the fighting around Richmond in 1862, written by a member of the Fourth and his brother.Mention of eight members of unit. Thanks to Scott and the family.


Can you help, with more information, will you?batsonsm@bellsouth.net
To return to S.C. Bibliography, Page One
(Infantry)


To return to S.C. Bibliography, Page Two
(Cavalry)


To return to S.C. Bibliography, Page Three
(Artillery)




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