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Second South Carolina Regiment, U.S.A.

The flag of the Second South Carolina Regiment, U.S.A. survives in the Confederate Relic Room in Columbia, S.C.

Citadel Flag by Marilyn

Second S.C. Infantry (U.S.A.)





Composed primarily of slaves recruited from occupied areas of the state, THE SECOND S.C. INFANTRY, (U.S.A.) would become the 34rd U.S. COLORED TROOPS. Like its sister unit the FIRST S.C. INFANTRY, its history is as depicted concerning the First in the movie, "Glory."

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Organized at Beaufort and Hilton Head, SC 5/22/63, Attached to the Districts of Hilton Head and Beaufort, S.C., Tenth Army Corps, Dept. of the South till July, 1863. Third Brigade, First Division, Tenth Army Corps, Morris Island July, 1863. Second Brigade, First Division, Tenth Army Corps, Morris Island, August, 1863. Fourth Brigade, Tenth Corps, Morris Island, November 1863. Third Brigade, Tenth Army Corps, Morris Island to January, 1864. Montgomery's Brigade, District Hilton Head, S.C., to February 1864.

Duty at Hilton Head, SC to March, 1863. Expedition to Jacksonville, Fla. March 6-10. Occupation of Jacksonville, March 10-31. Evacuation of Jacksonville, March 31. At Beaufort, SC till July. Raid on Combahee River June 2. Expedition to James Island, S.C., July 7-17. Engagement at Grimball's Landing, July 16. Operations on Morris island against Forts Wagner and Gregg, July 18 to September 7. Capture of Fort Wagner and Fort Gregg September 7. Operations against Fort Sumpter and Charleston, SC September 7, 1863 to January 29,1864. Moved to Hilton Head and thence to Jacksonville Fla. February 5-7. Designated 34th U.S. Colored Troops on February 8,1864.
The 34th U.S. Colored Troops were organized 2/8/64 at Jacksonville, Fla.. Attached to Montgomery's Brigade, District of Fla., Sept. of the South, February 1864, Third Brigade, Vogdes' Division, District of Florida, Dept. of the south, to 4/64. Morris Island, SC, Northern District, Dept. of the South, to 6/64. District of Beaufort, S.C., Dept. of the South, to 8/64. District of Fla., Dept. of the South, to 10/64. Fourth Separate Brigade, Dept. of the South, to 11/64. First brigade, Coast Division, Dept. of the South to 12/64. Second Brigade, Coast Division, Dept. of the South to 1/65. Fourth Separate Brigade, District of Fla. Dept. of the South and Dept. of Fla. To February, 1866.

Provost Duty at Jacksonville, Fla. Till March 30, 1864. Moved to Palatka, Fla., 3/30 and 3/31. And to Picolata, 4/12. Ordered to Folly Island, S.C., April 13, thence to Morris Island, SC and duty there, operating against Charleston till May 20. Moved to St. Augustine, Fla., May 20, thence to Tybee Island, S.C., Expedition to Ashepoo River May 24-27. Action at Ashepoo River May 26. Moved to Hilton Head, S.C., June 30. Expedition to James Island, S.C., July 1-10. Near Winter's Point July 3. At King's Creek, July 3. Actions on James Island July 3 and 9-10. Burden's Causeway July 9. Return to Jacksonville, Fla., July 31. Expedition to Enterprise, August 2-5. Raid on Florida Railroad August 15-18 Action at Gainesville, August 17. Duty at Jacksonville, Palatka and Magnolia Springs, Fla., till November. Expedition to Boyd's Neck, S.C., November 28-30. Battle of Honey Hill, November 30. Expedition to Devaux's Neck December, 6. Moved to Hilton Head, thence return to Jacksonville Fla., January, 1865. Duty at Jacksonville and at various point in Florida till February, 1866. Mustered out February 28, 1866.

A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Vol. II, Frederick H. Dyer

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