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Orr's First South Carolina Rifles

One double sided flag survives, Confederate Relic Room, Columbia, South Carolina
Dedmondt, Glenn, The Flags of Civil War South Carolina, ISBN NUMBER 1-56554-696-2


Citadel Flagby Marilyn

PLEASE NOTE ALL REGIMENTS NUMBERED ONE THROUGH TEN WERE DRAMATICALLY AFFECTED BY THE 1862 REORGANIZATION
.


FIRST SOUTH CAROLINA RIFLES
KNOWN AS ORR'S RIFLES OR ORR'S LEGION
(GREGG'S, MCGOWAN'S BRIGADE)
(COLONELS OR COMMANDING OFFICERS)

COL. JAMES L. ORR
07/61-02/62 Resigned to Serve in Congress
Governor under President Johnson...
and then crossed Jordan with Hampton in 76.

J.F. MARSHALL
01/62-SECOND MANASSAS, Killed in Action Second Manassas

D.A. LEDBETTER
08/62 SECOND MANASSAS 09/62, Killed in Action

J.W. LIVINGSTON
09/62-11/62 Resigned due to poor health after Sharpsburg

J.M. PERRIN
11/62-05/63 CHANCELLORSVILLE 05/63
Killed in Action Chancellorsville

F.E. HARRISON
05/63-04/64 Wounded Gaines Mill, retired to Invalid Corps 5/62

WM. M HADDEN
Killed in Action 7/28/64

G.M. MILLER
04/64-05/65
POW April, 1865

J.T. ROBERTSON
Wounded at Fredricksburg
Col. Robertson stated he was in every battle and skirmish that the First Rifles were in.

LT. COLS.: WILLIAM HADDON, J.T. ROBERTSON, J.J. NORTON, F.E, HARRISON, D.A. LEDBETTER. G.M. MILLER, J.M. PERRIN, JEHU F. MARSHALL

MAJORS: G.A. FULLERTON, W.M. HADDEN, D.A. LEDBETTER, G.M. MILLER, JOHN B. MOORE, J.J. NORTON, J.T. ROBERTSON, LEONARD ROGERS, F.E. HARRISON, J.W. LIVINGSTON


AJ.W.LIVINGSTONPICKENS/OCCONEEKeowee Riflemen*
.Wm. M. Hadden..
.Wm. H. Holcombe..
BJ.M. PERRINABBEVILLE(4)ABBEVILLE MINUTEMEN (McDuffie Guards*)
.J.T. ROBERTSON..
.J.S. Cothran..
.J.M. Perrin..
CJ.J.NORTONPICKENS/OCONEEMountain Boys
.LEONARD RODGERS..
DF.E. HARRISONANDERSONOrr's Rifles
.ROBERT JUNKIN..
EM.M. NORTON.Oconee Riflemen*
.ANDREW H. RAMSEY..
.J.T. REID..
FR.A. HAWTHORNEPICKENS/OCONEEBLUE RIDGE RIFLES
.G.W. FULLERTON..
.W.G. TERRELL..
GG.M. MILLERABBEVILLEMARSHALL RIFLEMEN
.JAMES PRATT..
HG.M. FAIRLEEMARIONPee Dee Guards
.J.H. HENAGAN..
.G.W. MCKAY..
.R.B. BRADY..
KG.W. COXANDERSONMarshall Guards *
.R.S. CHESHIRE..
LJAMES B. MOOREANDERSONCalhoun Guards*
.JOHN B. MOORE..


* These nicknames are from the Norton family history, page 218 and were furnished by Joel Skinner.

For Additional Reading:

BELL, LOUISE: Rebels in Gray, Soldiers from Pickens District 1861-65, (Co. Command, A,C,E,F,L)*
BRUNSON, JOSEPH W.: Pee Dee Light Artillery, Roster of Company H
CALDWELL, J. F. J.: The History of a Brigade of South Carolinians.*
Norton, J.J: Generations Back: Norton and Related Lines, 1977

Southern Historical Society Papers
MATTISON, J.W.: Orr's South Carolina Rifles, Vol 27, 1899

U.D.C.:Recollections and Reminiscences 1861-65:
Individuals:

Alexander, I.N., Co E, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 3, page 210
Armstrong, J.O., Co. F, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 3, page 15
Boyd, Wm. E, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 3, page 30
Breazeale, Wm. B. Breazeale, Company C, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 11 page 365, U.D.C.
Burris, J.L. Burris, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 7, page 256, U.D.C.
Clinkscales, A.E., Co E, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 5, page 534
Clinkscales, A.E., Co F, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 2, page 512
Clinkscales, R.E., Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 2, page 504
Clinkscales, S.W., Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 2, page 504, 511
Conner, Conner Letters, 158 pages, Vol. II page 5
Dendy, S.K. Dendy, Orr’s Regiment, Vol. 7, page 253, U.D.C.
Doyle, Dr. Oliver Doyle, Surgeon, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 7, page 302, U.D.C.
Doyle, J.D., Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 5, page 465
Fricks, S.H, Co. C, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 3, page 15
Grubbs, J.L. Grubbs, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 8, page 289, U.D.C.
Grubbs, J.L., Orr’s Rifles Vol. 2, page 507
Grubbs, R.W., Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 2, page 502, 506
Hall, Dr. Wm. F. Hall, Surgeon, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 7, page 303, U.D.C.
Hall, Thomas J., Co E, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 4, page 41
Harbin, H.M. Harbin, Company F, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 6, page 182, UDC
Henagan, J.H. Company H, Orr’s Rifles, Captain, Vol. 5, page 243
Hodges, S.B. Hodges, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 7, page 40, U.D.C.
Hodges, S.B., Co B, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 3, page 227
Holley, Daniel Holley, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 7, page 254, U.D.C.
Jenkins, W.H.H., Co F, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 3, page 13
Major, Letter of Wm M. Major, Company L, Orr’ Rifles, Vol. 11, page 44, U.D.C.
Marett, S.H., Orr’s Rifles, Gun Shop, Occonee, Vol. 3, page 16
Martin J, James Martin Letters, Company A, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 9, page 232, U.D.C.
Martin R, Richard M. Martin Company A, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 11 page 366, U.D.C.
McFerrin, G.P. Co. B, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 3, page 229
McFerrin, G.P. McFerrin, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 7, page 40, U.D.C.
Moore, Major John B. Moore, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 11, page 224, U.D.C.
Myer’s Family Letters, Appears to be Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 6, page 586
Norton, J.J., Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 5, page 441
Riley, T.E., Co B, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 3, page 198
Seal, J.M., Company G, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 6, page 36, UDC
Spencer, Robert Spencer, Company C, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 6, page 188, UDC
Stribling, T.J. Stribling, Orr’s Regiment, Vol. 8, page 361 and 364, U.D.C.
Terrell, Captain W.G. Terrell, Company F, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 6, page 182, UDC
Terrell, M.A. Co. F, Orr’s Rifles (Uniform Information), Vol. 3, page 18
Terrell, Wm., Co F, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 3, page 12
Walker, O.I., Co E, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 3, page 24
Walker, O.I., Company E, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 4, page 43
Walker, O.I., Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 5, page 455
Wright, D.C., Co H, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 3, page 487
Wyly, Thomas, Co. F, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 3, page 36
Rosters and Other:
Roster, Co C, Orr's Rifles, Vol. 6, page 58
Roster, Co F, Orr's Rifles, Vol. 2, page 559
Roster, Co F, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 6, page 78, UDC
Roster, Co F, Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 8, page 349
Roster, Co K, Orr's Rifles, Vol. V, Page 546
Roster, Co G, Orr's Rifles, Vol. 6, page 58, UDC
Roster, Company L, Orr's Rifles,(with notes), Vol. 7, page 268, U.D.C.
History of Orr's Rifles, Vol. 2, page 2
History of Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 3, page 474
History of Orr’s Rifles, Vol. 3, page 39
History of Co C, Orr's Rifles, Vol. 3, page 43
Casualties, Orr’s Rifles, Gettysburg, Vol. 3, page 21
Officer’s of Orr’s, Vol. VII, page 263

The "pound cake" regiment, as Orr's was known during its early service, sports an oddity that reflects the time. Two women are carried on the rosters. Mrs. Rose Duff as a Cook and Laundress, and Mrs. E. Rippett whose duties unspecified. There is no Mr. Duff associated with the Rifles, nor a Mr. Rippett. However, these ladies were probably just as shown.


1st S.C. Rifles; Stations and Battles
DateBattle or CityLocationCommanding OfficerBrigadeDivisionCorps
Spring 61-4/62 Anderson District Sandy Springs Col. James L. Orr ...
10/62 Charleston Sullivan Island Col. James L. Orr ...
6/27/62 Gaines Mill . Col. F.E. Harrison Gregg's Brigade Hill's Divison Magruder's Corps
6/30/62 Frayser's Farm . Col. F.E. Harrison Gregg's Brigade Hill's Divison Magruder's Corps
. .. Lt.Col. J.F. Marshall ...
8/29-8/30-62 Second Manassas Railroad Cut Col. J.F. Marshall/K Gregg's Brigade Hill's Divison Jackson’s Corps
...Lt. Col. Ledbetter/K ...
...Capt. James Perrin ...
9/1/62 Ox Hill . Capt. James Perrin Gregg's Brigade Hill's Divsion Jackson's Corps
9/17/62 Sharpsburg Close of Battle Col. J.W. Livingston Gregg's Brigade Hill's Divsion Jackson's Corps
.....Lt. Col. J.M. Perrin/W.
09/20/62Shepardstown . Col. J.W. Livingston Gregg's BrigadeHill's DivisionJackson's Corps
11/03/62 Castleman's Ferry . Col. J.M. PerrinGregg's Brigade Hill's DivisionJackson's Corps
12/13/62 Fredericksburg Gap in Center Col. J.M. Perrin Gregg's Brigade Hill's Division Jackson's Corps
5/5/63 Chancellorsville Attacking 5/3 Col. J.M. Perrin/K McGowan's Brigade Hill's Division Jackson's Corps
...Lt. Col. F.E. Harrison Gen Samuel McGowan/W ..
.... Col. O.Edwards/K ..
.... Col. D.H. Hamiliton ..
7/1-7/3-63 Gettysburg First Day, The Town Capt. W.M. Hadden McGowan's Brigade Pender's Division Hill's Corps
.... Col. Abner Perrin ..
7/14/63Falling Waters .Lt. Col. G.M. Miller McGowan's BrigadeWilcox' DivisionHill's Corps
10/9-10/22-63Bristoe Campaign .Lt. Col. G.M. Miller McGowan's BrigadeWilcox' DivisionHill's Corps
11/12-63Mine Run .Lt. Col. G.M Miller McGowan's BrigadeWilcox' DivisionHill's Corps
5/5-5/7-64 Wilderness . Lt. Col.G.M. Miller McGowan's Brigade Wilcox' Division Third Corps
5/8-5/20-64 Spotsylvania Bloody Angle Lt. Col.G.M. Miller/W McGowan's Brigade Wilcox' Division Third Corps
... Major Wm. Hadden ...
5/23-5/26-64Jericho Ford (North Anna).Major W.M. HaddenMcGowan’s BrigadeWilcox' DivisionThird Corps
....Col. J.N. Brown /C..
.... Col. I.F. Hunt ..
6/1-6/3-64Cold Harbor .Major W.M. Hadden Mcgowan's BrigadeWilcox' DivsionThird Corps
7/28/64Deep Bottom.Lt. Col. W.M. Hadden/KMcGowan's BrigadeWilcox' DivisionThird Corps
Aug-64 Petersburg . Major J.T. Robertson McGowan's Brigade Wilcox' Division Third Corps
... Col. G.M. Miller Lt. Col. I.F. Hunt ..
.... Col. J.N. Brown ..
8/16/64Fussell Mills/Deep Bottom Run or Strawberry Plains (8/13-8/20).Col. G.M. MillerMcgowan's BrigadeWilcox' DivisionThird Corps
8/24/64Ream’s Station.Col. G.M. MillerMcGowan's BrigadeWilcox' DivsionThird Corps
9/30/64Jones Farm (Squirrel Level Road).Col. G.M. MillerMcGowan’s BrigadeWilcox' DivisionThird Corps
10/1/64Pegram's Farm . Col. G.M. MillerMcGowan's BrigadeWilcox' DivisionThird Corps
3/31/65Gravelly Run.Col. G.M. MillerMcGowan’s BrigadeGracie and McGowan’s Brigades (Wilcox' Division)Third Corps
....Col. J.N. BrownGeneral Samuel McGowan.
4/1/65Five Forks.Major Col. G.M. MillerMcGowan's BrigadeWilcox' Division Third Corps
4/2/65Dinwiddie Courthouse.Col. G.M. Miller/CMcGowan’s BrigadeWilcox' Division Third Corps (Heth) reverts to First Corp (Longstreet)
4/9/65 Appomattox . Lt. Col. J.T. Robertson McGowan's Brigade Wilcox' Division Third Corps (Heth) reverts to First Corp (Longstreet)


First South Carolina Rifles
First Incarnation
IN Defense of Charleston Harbor (1861)


COLONEL J.J. PETTIGREW
LT. COLONEL JOHN L. BRANCH
MAJOR ELLISON CAPERS

THE FIRST RIFLES WAS FIRST ORGANIZED IN STATE SERVICE AS A REGULAR STATE UNIT BEFORE SECESSION, IT SERVED ACTIVELY FROM DECEMBER, 1860 TO APRIL, 1861. THE COMPONENTS WENT IN ALL DIRECTIONS DURING REORGANIZATION, IN EARLY 1861. THE FIRST RIFLES, THE SEVENTEENTH REGIMENT (MILITIA), THE FIRST ARTILLERY, A VOLUNTEERS CORPS OF FIREMEN, AND SCATTERED CAVALRY FORMED THE EARLIEST BRIGADE FOR COASTAL DEFENSE. IT WAS KNOWN AS THE FOURTH BRIGADE. THESE UNITS WERE COMMANDED BY BRIGADIER GENERAL JAMES SIMONS. THIS UNIT IS SOMETIMES CONFUSED WITH ORR'S RIFLES WHICH FORMED IN ANDERSON COUNTY AT A LATER DATE.


WASHINGTON LIGHT INFANTRYC.H. SIMONTONCHARLESTONEUTAW BATTALION/25TH S.C.V AT REORGANIZATION
MOULTRIE GUARDSB.W. PALMER..
GERMAN RIFLEMENJACOB SMALLCHARLESTON.
PALMETTO RIFLEMENALEX MELCHERS.WENT TO FIRST S.C. SHARPSHOOTERS AT REORGANIZATION
MEAGHER GUARDSEDWARD MCCRADY JR.CHARLESTONWENT TO GREGG’S FIRST AT REORGANIZATION
CAROLINA LIGHT INFANTRYGAILLARD PICKNEY.WENT TO GREGG’S FIRST AT REORGANIZATION
ZOUAVE CADETSC.E. CHICHESTERCHARLESTONWENT TO STATE SERVICE CONVERTED TO ARTILLERY


Citadel Cadets, Troops Dispositions Charleston Harbor at beginning of war, Zouve Cadets, Firing on Star of West, Vol. 6, page 293, U.D.C.



Orr’s First RiflesMcGowan’s Brigade Army of Northern VirginiaDescription of papers and letters that are additions to the J.L. Orr papers University of South Carolina
First South Carolina, Orr's Rifles
Pickens County
Mcgowan's BrigadeArmy of Northern VirginiaRegimental HistoryRosters
First South Carolina, Orr's Rifles
Marion County
Mcgowan's BrigadeArmy of Northern VirginiaRegimental HistoryRosters


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