First S.C. Infantry (U.S.A.)
Lt.Col. J.F. Strong, First South Carolina, U.S.A. (African Decent)
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COLONELS: T.W. HIGGINSON (51 Mass.)
WM. T. BENNETT (102 U.S.C.T.)
LT. COLONELS: LIBERTY BILLINGS (DISMISSED), J.F. STRONG, C.T. TROWBRIDGE
MAJORS: J.P. STRONG, C.T. TROWBRIDGE, H.A. WHITNEY
JAS. H. TONKINS, NY VOL. ENG.
JAS. S. ROGERS, 51 MASS.
C.T. TROWBRIDGE, NY VOL. ENG.
WM. JAMES, 100 PA.
W.J. RANDOLPH, 100 PA.
H.A. WHITNEY, 8 MAINE
ALEX HEASLEY, 100 PA.
GEORGE DOLLY, 8 MAINE
ABR. W. JACKSON
CHAS. W. HOOPER
Composed primarily of slaves recruited from occupied areas of the state, THE FIRST S.C. INFANTRY, (U.S.A.) would become the 33rd U.S. COLORED TROOPS. It's reputation for service was somewhat checkered, as depicted in the movie Glory.
For Additional Reading:
HIGGINSON, THOMAS: Army Life in a Black Regiment, 1st South Carolina Vols.*
Organized at Beaufort 1/31/63, Attached to the Tenth Army Corps till January, 1864. Barton's Brigade, District of Hilton Head, Tenth Army Corps, February, 1864.
Before muster, three companies on expedition along coasts of Georgia and Florida, 11/3/62 - 11/10/62. Spaulding's on the Sapello River, Ga. 11/3 -11/10/62 (Company A). On the Dolby River 11/8/62. Duty at Beaufort and Port Royal till 3/63. Expedition from Beaufort up the St. Mary's River in Georgia and Florida 1/23 to 2/1. Skirmish at Township 1/26. Expedition from Beaufort to Jacksonville, Fla. March 6-10. Occupation of Jacksonville, March 10-31. Camp Jackson 3/10. Operations near Jacksonville, 3/23-3/31. Skirmish near Jacksonville, 3/29. At Beaufort till 1/64. Expedition up the South Edisto River 7/9/63-7/11/63. Action near WIlliston Bluff, Pon Pon River, 7/10. Expedition to Pocotaligo 11/23/63-11/25/63, Companies E and K. Skirmish near Cunningham's Bluff 11/24/64. Companies C and K at Hilton Head till 9/63 then moved to Beaufort. Companies A and F moved to Hilton Head 9/63, then returned to Beaufort 10/2. Regiment moved to Hilton Head, 1/64. Expedition to Jacksonville, Fla. 2/6 -2/8. Unit designation changed to 33rd U.S. Colored Troops 2/8/64
The 33rd United States Colored Troops were organized on 2/8/64 from the First South Carolina Colored Infantry. Attached to U.S. Forces, Port Royal Island, S.C., 10th Corps, Dept. of the South, to April, 1864. Folly Island, S.C., Northern District, Dept. of the South, to October 1864. First Separate Brigade, Department of the South to March, 1865. District of Savannah, Ga. and Department of the South, to January, 1866.
Service was duty at Port Royal Island, S.C. District of Beaufort, S.C. till July, 1864. Expedition to James Island, S.C. June 30-July 10. James Island near Secessionville, July 2. Duty on Folly and Morris Islands operating against Charleston till November. December 6-9, Devaux's Neck, December 6. Demonstration on Charleston & Savannah Railroad, December 6-9. Tillifinny Station near Pocotaligo Road, December 20. At Pocotaligo, till February, 1865. Occupation of Charleston till March 8. Moved to Savannah, Ga., March 8 and duty there till June 6. Moved to Augusta Ga. Duty there and at various points in the Department of the South till January, 1866. Mustered out January 31, 1866.
A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Vol. II, Frederick H. Dyer